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Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Culture Time Machine – August 2nd Edition

Article by Elias Hawke

August Second Two Thousand and Ten (214th Day of the Year in the Gregorian calendar)

The first film studio in Baku, Azerbaijan

The first film studio in Baku, Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan celebrates cinema Day

Did you know the country of Azerbaijan was among the first countries involved in cinematography?  Frenchman A. Mishon was a photographer and cameraman that settled in Baku.  He is believed to have lived in Baku for more than 25 years where he set up a photo studio on Mikhailovski Street.  He is credited with the start of film the industry in 1898 starting with his own documentary films. http://www.azer.com/aiweb/categories/magazine/53_folder/53_articles/53_100years.html

Hitler becomes Führer of Germany

In the morning of August 2, 1934 when Germany’s 2nd President “Reichspräsident” Paul von Hindenburg died at the age of 86 the office of the Reichspräsident became united with that of the Reichskanzler (Chancellor) and all powers were transferred to the “Führer und Reichskanzler Adolf Hitler”, as per governmnent law.   Hitler remained as absolute leader of Germany until his suicide in 1945.

August Third Two Thousand and Ten (215th Day of the Year in the Gregorian calendar)

The Ludwigslied Poem

The first two pages of the Ludwigslied

The Ludwigslied (in English, Lay or Song of Ludwig) is an Old High German poem of 59 rhyming couplets, celebrating the defeat of the Viking raiders by the Frankish army lead by Louis III of France at the Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu on 3 August 881.   It is believed that it was written by the monk Hucbald in the same or the early part of the following year.

The poem is preserved in over four pages in a single 9th century manuscript formerly in the monastery of Saint-Amand, now in the Bibliothèque municipale, Valenciennes.

Transcription of the text from Biliotheca Augustana (The Bibliotheca Augustana is a digital library of e-texts of world literature)  http://www.hs-augsburg.de/~harsch/germanica/Chronologie/09Jh/Ludwigslied/lud_text.html

Green, Dennis H., ‘The “Ludwigslied” and the Battle of Saucourt’, in Judith Jesch (ed.), The Scandinavians from the Vendel period to the tenth century, Boydell Press, 2002, pp. 281-302. Limited preview at Google Books

Birthday of Ivan pl. Zajc, Croatia

Ivan Zajc

(Croatian pronunciation: [ǐʋan zâjts]; August 3, 1832 – December 16, 1914) was a prolific Croatian composer, conductor, director and teacher with over 1000 works.  He is credited with the revitalizationof Croatian  musical culture with his compositions and leadership in reorganizing Zagreb’s musical institutions.

For a sampling of his works visit:  WIMA: Werner Icking Music Archive http://icking-music-archive.org/ByComposer/Zajc.php

Biography at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Zajc

August Fourth Two Thousand and Ten (216th Day of the Year in the Gregorian calendar)

Birthday of Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi – Pakistan

Celebrated Urdu (Urdu is the dominant dialect of the Pakistani people)  satirical and humor writer from Pakistan.  He was awarded Adamjee Prize for Chiragh Talay (1961) and Khakam e b’dhan (1969). He also won the Hijra Award and the Pakistan Academy of Letters’ Award for his and Aab e Gum(1990) book.  In 1999 he was awarded the second (Sitara-i-Imtiaz) and third (Hilal-i-Imtiaz) highest honors by the Government of Pakistan.

Matica Slovenská Day -  Slovenia

The founding of  the Slovenian cultural and scientific institution (Slovenska matica) in 1864.    “Matica” is a Serbian word.  When used in this context means “source” or “mother bee”.

Website : http://www.matica.sk/index.php

August Fifth Two Thousand and Ten (217th Day of the Year in the Gregorian calendar)

The tremendously popular American Bandstand television show premiers on the American Broadcasting Network in 1957.    American Bandstand aired from 1952 to 1989 and from 1957 it until the final it was hosted by Dick Clark.    The show featured teenagers dancing to Top 40-type music  and would feature popular music acts performing their latest music. Fun fact : The first song ever played on the show was Jerry Lee Lewis’ “Whole Lotta Shakin Goin on’”.

August Six Two Thousand and Ten (218th Day of the Year in the Gregorian calendar)

Bogota's month long celebration

Bogota's month long celebration

Fiesta De Bogotá begins - Bogotá, Colombia

Bogotá, Colombia kicks off a month long party to celebrate  the founding of the city (August 6, 1538). The celebration begin with a with a big concert in the Plaza de Simon Bolivar Park, events and fireworks. For more information check this week’s article Bogotá’s Culture Shines in August.

August Seven Two Thousand and Ten (219th Day of the Year in the Gregorian calendar)

The Tanabata festival -  Sendai,  Japan

The Tanaba (meaning “Evening of the seventh”) a star festival based on the the romantic tale of two lovers Orihime and Hikoboshi.  The celebration is about the meeting of the unfortunate couple (played admirably Milkyway stars Vega and Altair) that normally kept apart by a great river (the villain is the our Milkyway galaxy).   Their rendezvous only occurs once a   a year on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month of the lunisolar calendar (Our upcoming article on world calendars talks about the lunisolar calendar).     For a first hand perspective of the tradition, check out this video we found on YouTube.

August Eight Two Thousand and Ten (220th Day of the Year in the Gregorian calendar)

Bā bā Day

Taiwan celebrates Father’s Day or Bā bā Day.  This is not an official holiday but it is widely observed as one because Bā Bā is Mandarin for “father” and “8-8″, or August 8.  Interestingly enough 4741 miles (7629 km) away, Ba Ba is slang for  “father” in Greece.


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